Cord blood is simply the blood that usually remains in the placenta and umbilical cord after delivery. It’s where there is a connection between the mother and child, where the transfer of cells takes place for boosting the immune system of the child and mother in preparation for delivery.
The cord blood becomes a rich source of stem cells among other immunity cells. The cord blood bank process involved the collection of cord blood containing stem cells, which can be used for future medical use.
In some parts of the world, cord blood banking is also called stem cell banking. This is because banking cord blood is designed explicitly in collecting blood-forming stem cells and not the real blood cells.
Before the 90s, the umbilical cords, together with their blood, were taken as medical wasted. Things have, however, changed whereby parents are storing their children’s umbilical cord blood for future use in dealing with some life-threatening and debilitating conditions.
Why use bank cord blood?
Due to the fact that the immune system of the body functions by removing any outside contaminants from the body, stem cells and other forms of immune system cells can’t be transfused to anyone who comes across.
This is because the body system can start reacting negatively to the patient’s body.
Therefore, to prevent this reaction, the stem cells being transfused are required to match with the patient’s cells completely or to a certain degree. The stem cells are usually perfect for the baby himself as well as his immediate family members, who will also have some degree of compatibility.
In conclusion, these are some benefits of cord blood banking. The cost of stem cell banking depends on the type of banking system you use that is public or private stem cell banking.